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Rethymno

Rethymno

The Rethymno region separates the capital region of Heraklion and the most western region of Crete - Chania.

 

Located between Chania and Heraklion, Rethymnon offers the greatest choice to travellers, who, due to the Rethymno's geographical position, have an equally easy access to the sights of both eastern and western parts of the island.

 

The eastern part of the Rethymnon region is occupied by the Ida mountain range. Because of this mountain this region is rightfully considered the most mountainous on the island of Crete. This mountain range includes several large peaks. Five of them rise more than 2000 meters above sea level. The peak of Timios Stavros is the highest peak of the island - Mount Psiloritis. Its height is 2456 meters above sea level. This mountain is a geographical center of Crete. There are peaks that also have a height of more than 2000 meters: Agafias (2424 m), Stolistra (2325 m), Vulumenu (2267 m), Kusakas (2209 m).

 

As for the White Mountains, the Ida Mountains are characterized by the presence of several large plateaus, gorges and caves.

The Nida Plateau is located on the eastern edge of the mountain range at an altitude of 1412 m above sea level. It is famous for the fact that in its western part there is the entrance to the large Idea cave. This cave is one of the most famous sights of Crete, because, according to ancient Greek mythology, the king of the Olympic gods - Zeus, grew up in it. The cave has an important historical significance, since many artifacts from different eras were discovered there.

 

On the southern slope of the Idea mountains, there is the entrance to the famous Kamares cave, well known among archaeologists. Perfectly preserved ceramic vessels of the Minoan era were found there, and the characteristic style of painting took the cave's name.

 

Sfendoni Cave, belonging to the Ida mountain range, is considered one of the most spectacular in Greece. Stalactites and stalagmites create an amazingly beautiful cave interior.The cave is quite big and covers the area of about 3000 square meters.

The ravines of the Rethymno region are noteworthy. The Kourtaliotiko Gorge is known as the "ravings of clapping." It is very well equipped for hiking, has the cleanest spring sources and is perfect for a hiking with the whole family.

 

The Mili Gorge is one of the easiest hiking routes, contains an abandoned village, monasteries, canyon of St. Anthony (Agios Antonios Gorge).

 

The flora of the Idea mountain range is of certain interest. It changed mainly under the influence of human activity. Today, the slopes are covered with shrubs, hard grass and shrubs. But in some places, for example, on the eastern slopes, there are preserved forests that were once represented everywhere on the island of Crete.

 

In the northern part of the region of Rethymnon there is a long sandy beach with a length of more than 15 kilometers. It starts from the town of Georgeoupoli and, crossing Rethymno, continues further east.

The southern part of the Rethymnon region boasts one of the most exotic beaches in Europe. Across Europe, there are only two beaches with wild palm trees. Both are in Crete. The largest of them is in the south of the island, in the region of Rethymno, not far from the monastery of Preveli.

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